Thursday, 26 January 2012

Indian equivalent names of various western constellations

Indian equivalent names of various western constellations: by: Ulugh Beg & Maharaja Jai Singh from Book of G.R. Kaye, Fellow of the Royal Astronomical Society , Honorary Correspondent of the Archaeological Department of India – Calcutta 1915

South Indian names  :
Mahavadya - Orion in kannada
Nataraja in Tamil
Lepus = Muyalava in Tamil 
Aquila - Garuda
Cannis major, minor = kalabairava Tamil
veena = lyra - Kannada
kinnara = crux - Kannada 

North Indian and Persian names ( Persian was court language for many Delhi Sultans and empires) . Some names are common for Southern India Especially the Zodiac signs and Ursa major.
 
Ursa Minor = Laghu Balu

Ursa Major = Saptarshayah

Draco: Sarpa

Cepheus = Kaikaus

Bootes – Avvapurusha

Corona Borealis = Ikalila

Hercules = Jasi

Lyra = Amgztz

Cygnus = Jayara

Cassiopeia = Jatulkurasi

Perseus = Varasavas

Auriga = Mamarak ul Azinai

Ophiucus = Havva

Serpens = Haiya

Sagitta = Sahama

Aquila = Ukab

Delphinus = Dalphaina

Equuleus = Asva Mukha

Pegasus = Vrihad asva khamda

Andromeda = Merat ul Musalasaloi

Triangulam = Musalastrikonamurttih

Aries = Mesha

Taurus = Vrisha

Gemini = Mithuna

Cancer = Kataka / Karka

Leo = Simha

Virgo = Kanya

Libra = Tula

Scorpio = Vrischika

Saggittarius = Dhanu

Capricornus = Makara

Aquarius = Kumbha

Pisces = Mina

Cetus = Kaitus

Orion = Javvara

Eridanus = Kulpa & in Sanskrit : srOtaswini. 'srotass'

Lepus = Arnava

Canis Major = Vrihat asvapamurttih

Canis Minor = Laghusvana

Argo Navis = Saphina Nauka

Hydra – Suja

Crater = Vatiya vahu guna patra

Centaurus = kamvuras

Lupus, ara, Crovus have no name here as they are part of their close constellations

Corona Australis = Mukuta

Piscis Austrinus – Machchhi yanuvi
  More Indian names of Constellations can be had here! 
1. http://www.constellation-names.at/l-in.htm
2. http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_are_the_constellations_names_in_Hindi#slide1
 

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